The type of wood you choose determines the beauty and strength of the finished piece. Many varieties of wood are available, and each has its own properties.

Pines are evergreen trees. The smallest are Siberian Dwarf Pine and Potosi Pinyon, and the tallest is a 268.35-foot (81.79-meter) tall Ponderosa Pine. Pine is a softwood and easy to carve and shape. It also takes stain well.

Spotlight on Different Pine Lumber:

White Pine: Largely used for interior joinery for doors, windows, interior trim, fitments, shelving, light and medium building construction. Specialized uses include furniture and cabinets, boat and ship building, pattern making, and drawing boards. It is rotary cut for plywood and often used for decorative panelling veneers.

Pitch Pine: This timber is used for heavy construction work, truck and railway wagons, ship building, exterior joinery, bridge building and decks. This wood also produces the largest percentage of the world’s rosin and turpentine.

Ponderosa Pine: This sapwood is used in America for pattern making, kitchen furniture, building construction, window frames, doors and general carpentry as well as wood boxes and crates. This is also a wood used for paneling. This wood, because it is soft, is also used for sculpture and carving and cabinet and furniture making. Specialized uses include parts for stringed instruments such as guitars, organ parts, ship and boat building and light construction. This wood is also used for packing crates and boxes.

Yellow Pine: This species is stable and used for pattern making for fine detail, drawing boards, doors and other detail work. It’s also used for sculpture and carving, cabinet and furniture making, shelving and interior trim. This wood is also used for string instruments such as guitars.

Aerial view of afforested mountains under a cloudy sky

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