Wood Species
H. Arnold Wood Turning can provide a variety of both Hardwoods and Softwoods

What is Hardwood vs. Softwood Species?

There are many different types of wood species. Hardwoods are typically trees that lose their leaves annually, whereas softwoods remain evergreen. Hardwoods are usually more dense than softwoods, although this may not always be the case. In general, the more dense the wood the stronger and more durable it is.

Determining the right specie to use depends on your product.  There are many factors to consider, some examples include:

  • Wear and tear
  • Exterior or interior use
  • Durability
  • Strength needed
  • Will the product be finished or will the natural wood show through?

Here’s a great resource to learn more about the differences: www.wood-database.com/wood-finder

Read more about the difference between hardwood vs softwood.

Typical Hardwood Species


  • Ash

  • Basswood

  • Beech

  • Birch

  • Mahogany





  • Maple

  • Oak

  • Poplar

  • Sycamore

  • Walnut



Typical Softwood Species

  • Ponderosa Pine

  • Southern Yellow Pine

  • White Pine


  • Cypress

  • Douglas Fir

  • Spruce